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Mustard Seeds (Rai)

Mustard seeds, often called Rai or Black Sarson, are a spice used in South Indian cuisine. They are spherical, firm seeds that range in hue from dark brown to black. They are smaller and more pungent than white mustard seeds.

Mustard seeds come in several colors, including black, brown, and white/yellow. The flavor and strength of mustard seeds differ based on the variety, with black mustard seeds being the most pungent and white/yellow seeds being the mildest.

In cooking, mustard seeds are frequently roasted or fried in oil to improve their taste before being added to recipes. They can be used whole or processed into a powder to produce mustard paste or mustard  powder, a common condiment. Mustard seeds are also used to season meats, pickle them, and flavor sauces, dressings, marinades, Salads, Lentil stews, Vegetables, Pulses, Curries, Vegetable dishes, Soups, Stews. They may also be sprouted and used in salads or as a garnish.


Benefits of Mustard seeds 

Mustard seeds have several scientifically proven health advantages. Incorporating these flavorful seeds into your diet can help reduce headaches, improve digestion, boost heart health, build bones and teeth, benefit the skin and hair, slow the aging process, give antioxidant protection, regulate blood sugar, and more.

Rich in Nutrients

Mustard seeds include protein, fiber, vitamins (such as vitamin A, vitamin C, and numerous B vitamins), minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium), and antioxidants.

Heart Health

Mustard seeds include substances such as omega-3 fatty acids and phytosterols, which may benefit heart health by decreasing cholesterol, blood pressure, and general cardiovascular function.

Anti-inflammatory Properties

mustard seeds may have anti-inflammatory qualities because they contain chemicals such as selenium and magnesium. Consuming anti-inflammatory foods may help reduce inflammation in the body, lowering the risk of chronic illnesses.

Digestive Health

Mustard seeds are high in fiber, which is beneficial to digestive health. Fiber helps to regulate bowel movements, prevents constipation, and may lower the risk of digestive illnesses such as diverticulosis and colon cancer.

Antimicrobial Effects

Mustard seeds contain antimicrobial chemicals including allyl isothiocyanate, which may help prevent the growth of dangerous bacteria and fungus in the body. This might help to enhance gut health and lower the risk of infections.

Cancer Prevention

mustard seeds' chemicals, notably glucosinolates and isothiocyanates, may have cancer-fighting qualities. These substances may assist to limit the development of cancer cells, lowering the risk of colorectal, bladder, and gastrointestinal cancers.

Weight control

The fiber and protein content of mustard seeds can improve feelings of fullness and satiety, which can assist with weight control by lowering calorie intake and preventing overeating.

Medical use of mustard seeds

Mustard seeds are high in fiber and include calcium, copper, vitamin C, A, and K.

Respiratory Health

Mustard seeds are thought to contain expectorant qualities, which might assist remove mucus and phlegm in the respiratory tract. This may alleviate symptoms of respiratory diseases such coughs, colds, bronchitis, and sinus congestion.

Pain Relief

Mustard seed poultices or plasters have been applied topically to treat muscle discomfort, joint pain, and rheumatic disorders. The use of mustard seeds in this manner is supposed to improve blood circulation and create a warming sensation, perhaps alleviating pain and stiffness.


Some traditional medicine traditions believe that mustard seeds can help with detoxification by inducing perspiration and aiding toxin removal through the skin. Mustard seed baths or mustard powder combined with water are suitable for this purpose.

Digestive Aid

Mustard seeds are known to contain digestive stimulating effects, which may aid digestion by boosting the synthesis of enzymes. Consuming mustard seeds or mustard-based sauces with meals may help to digest fats and proteins.


Mustard seeds contain chemicals with anti-inflammatory characteristics that may help decrease inflammation in the body and relieve symptoms of inflammatory illnesses such arthritis, tendonitis, and inflammatory bowel disease.


Mustard seeds contain antimicrobial chemicals that may aid to prevent the growth of germs and fungus. Some traditional medical practices apply mustard seeds or mustard oil topically to treat skin infections, wounds, and fungal infections.